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Rootstocks

Information about rootstocks including names, descriptions and growing characteristics

Jump to:  Apple Rootstocks Apricot Rootstocks  |  Cherry Rootstocks  |  Damson Rootstocks  |  Nectarine & Peach Rootstocks  |  Pear Rootstocks  |  Plum Rootstocks

 

RootstocksMost cultivated fruit trees purchased today will be made up of two parts which have been joined together i.e. grafted.   The part below the graft, including the roots, known as the rootstock is the most important factor in determining the vigour and eventual size of the tree, so the choice of rootstock is very important as it will determine the suitability of the tree both for the planting position and the form (shape) of the tree.  

 

You can easily tell a grafted tree as the point at which the two parts have been grafted together (the graft bud) is usually clearly visible towards the bottom of the tree. The rootstock can be of the same variety as the upper part (scion) or one closely related to it.

In most instances, when buying fruit trees from reputable sources the outlet will state the characteristics of the tree being sold both size-wise e.g. if it is a dwarf tree and form-wise e.g. if it suitable for growing in a fan shape etc., and the nursery will have grafted the named cultivar onto the correct rootstock.  Find out more about cultivars.

Below is a list of commonly used rootstocks together their main characteristics. Click the fruit titles for more detailed information including height, spread, planting distances, suitable forms and expected yields.

Apple Rootstocks

M27
Very Dwarfing
M9
Dwarfing
M2
Semi-dwarfing 
MM106
Semi-vigorous
MM111
Vigorous 
M25
Very vigorous 

Apricot Rootstocks

Pixy
Dwarfing
Torinel
Semi-Vigorous
St. Julien A
Semi-Vigorous
Brompton
Very vigorous 

Cherry Rootstocks 

Gisela 5
Semi-Dwarfing
Colt
Semi-Vigorous
F12/1
Very vigorous 
 

Damson Rootstocks 

Pixy
Dwarfing
St. Julien A
Semi-Vigorous
Brompton
Very vigorous 

Nectarine & Peach Rootstocks

Pixy
Dwarfing
St. Julien A
Semi-Vigorous
Brompton
Very vigorous 

Pear Rootstocks

Quince C
Dwarfing
Quince A
Semi Dwarfing
Pyrodwarf  
Semi-Vigorous
Pyrus
Very vigorous 

Plum Rootstocks

Pixy
Dwarfing
St. Julien A
Semi-Vigorous
Brompton
Very vigorous 

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