Up to 20cm/8" - Spread: up to 7.5cm/3-inches
Yield per plant
Yield per 1.5m/5 ft row
Time between sowing and harvesting
About 12 weeks
Where to Sow
Outdoors in open ground. Avoid very stony
ground as these can cause the carrots to become misshapen,
stunted or fanged.
Containers at least 20cm/8" deep
Late March to July - temperature +10C/50F.
How to Sow
In rows: Very thinly12mm/½"deep - space rows30cm/12" apart
Broadcast: Very thinly 12mm/½"deep in blocks or
When the seedlings are 2.5cm/1" tall, thin plants to
5-7.5cm/2-3" apart. Throw away the thinnings as these do not
transplant well. Do not leave thinnings on the soil surface as
they attract carrot root fly (see pests and diseases below).
Growing on - In Pots
Keep well watered and avoid dry spells to prevent the carrots
splitting. Try to keep the tops of the carrots covered with soil
or "earthed up" to prevent them turning green (known as green
Growing on - In open ground
Start pulling baby carrots from June onwards. It's a good idea
to pull every other carrot, leaving the remaining carrots more
space to develop into larger specimens. Crops over 16-20 weeks.
Carrot Root Fly
First sign is that the carrot leaves may look a reddish rust
colour. Lifted carrots have small holes and short white maggots
None once infected
Organic 1. Companion Planting
2. Prevent the fly getting to the carrots by erecting barriers
about 45cm/18" high around the rows or beds, using stakes and
polythene sheeting or fleece.
3. Sow carrot fly resistant varieties such as "flyaway" or "Sytan". Chemical Apply an insecticide containing
Leaves distorted, yellowing and stunted
Organic Spray with a weak solution of soapy water
Use water through a hosepipe to knock the aphids off the plants Chemical Spray with an insecticide containing Fenitrothion
Grow onions and/or garlic nearby, preferably surrounding the carrot
If you know aphids are a problem in your area, grow flowers such as
nasturtiums, calendula asters, dahlias, and zinnias nearby but not
close to carrots as aphids find them attractive so they act as a lure.
Create a bio-diverse environment by planting flowers
nearby to attract bees, ladybirds and other "friendlies". To learn more about companion planting click
In the Kitchen
Storage: In a
cool, dry, dark place for up to 5 days or in the refrigerator for up to
10 days. Remove any leaves attached to carrots before storing for any
length of time. Can also be stored in sturdy boxes between layers of
sand or dry peat and kept in the garage or shed. Do not allow the
carrots to touch when storing in this way.
Preparing: Wash in cold water. Cut off the stem end and
straggling roots if present. Peel older carrots or simply scrub or
scrape young specimens.
Carrots can be boiled, steamed, baked, roasted, micro-waved and sautéed.
As well as being a nutritious
accompaniment to meats, poultry and fish, they are an excellent addition
to most stews and casseroles.
For more preparation and cooking information about carrots plus lots
of recipes visit our sister site