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Growing Celery

How to grow Celery in  garden beds

and allotments



Family/Latin Name

Apiaceae - Apium graveolens var. Dulce

Type of Plant

Stem - Crop Rotation Group = Others

Suitable for


Garden Beds, Allotments

Pests & Diseases    Companion Plants    In the Kitchen

See also:-  Vegetable Growing Glossary  |    Container Growing  | Buying Seeds & Plants


Plant Dimensions

Height +60cm/2ft  -  Spread up to 45cm/18"

Yield Per Plant
Yield per 1.5m/5ft row
1 Head of Celery

Time between sowing and harvesting

20 weeks

Where to Sow

Indoors in small pots or trays

Sowing time

March to April  - temperature  15-20C (59-68F)

How to Sow

Sow on the surface of the firmed compost and cover with a very fine layer of compost or vermiculite.

After Germination

Transplant when seedlings are large enough to handle into  small pots of compost and maintain a minimum temperature of 15C (59F).

Growing on -  in Pots

Not generally recommended but there's nothing to stop you trying provided you have very large and deep containers.

Growing on -  in open ground

Harden off and plant outside in well-prepared soil once all frost risk has passed allowing 38cm (15 inches) between each plant. Better results are achieved planting in blocks which assists with self-blanching.


Keep weed free. It is important to keep well watered. Feed several times with a liquid feed during the summer.


Begin lifting from  late July until October but before any frosts. Carefully dig up whole plants, being careful not to disturb nearby plants.

Pests and Diseases

Companion Plants

Celery Leaf Spot (Blight)
Indications Brown spots appear on outer leaves gradually spreading to all of the foliage.
Treatment Chemical
Spray with a fungicide containing mancozeb or with a copper fungicide at first signs of disease
Prevention Organic
Never plant seedlings with spotted leaves
Celery Fly (leaf miner)
Indications Brown blisters in leaves 
Treatment Organic
Pinch out and destroy blistered leaves
Spray with an insecticide containing Malathion
Prevention Grow under garden fleece or fine mesh
Indications Young leaves are eaten - sometimes completely missing
Treatment Organic
1. Sink small pots filled with beer to ground level. Empty daily
2. Sprinkle slugs with table salt
Use slug pellets
Prevention  None

 Companion Flower Graphic

Onion & Cabbage Families, Tomato, Broad Beans, Nasturtium


Create a bio-diverse environment by planting flowers nearby to attract bees, ladybirds and other "friendlies". To learn more about companion planting click here.


In the Kitchen

Storage: Best to harvest when you are ready to use. Keeps for up to 7  days in the refrigerator. 

Preparing:  Separate the stalks and wash well in cold water, dry with kitchen paper.  The leaves are edible although many prefer to only eat the stick parts of the plant.

Cooking:   Celery is most often eaten raw, used in salads or for dipping into dips especially as part of a crudités platter.

The leaves are excellent for adding flavour to soups, stews and stocks, as are the stalks which should be cut into chunks before adding.

Sliced stalks make good additions to stir-fries and whole celery hearts can be braised and served as a vegetable accompaniment.

For more preparation and cooking information about celery plus lots of  recipes visit our sister site www.recipes4us.co.uk

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