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Spring Vegetables & Herbs Calendar

List of jobs to do in the Vegetable Garden in Spring

 

Jump to:-  Early Spring  |  Mid Spring  |  Late Spring

 

Spring in the Vegetable Garden

Below is a list of essential jobs to do in the vegetable and herb garden in the spring.

 

Because the defaults for this website are set for the UK, as well as monthly 'jobs to do calendars', we have also included seasonal calendars, so all visitors can choose the appropriate season for their location.

 

You may also wish to check our resources page where you can find more detailed articles explaining how to do specific jobs such as pruning, sowing and ground preparation.

 

Go to:-  Main Calendars Page  |  Spring Fruit Calendar

 

General

Spring is a good time to start preparing ground and digging beds ready for next season. Clearing plants which have finished cropping as you go will save on having to do a big job all in one big task and will make digging the land over much easier.

After digging vacant ground can be covered with black polythene to stop  weeds growing

Much of the vegetation will be suitable for making compost, so if you haven't already got one, now is a good time to start a compost heap.

 

Jobs to do in the Vegetable & Herb Garden

in Early Spring

(March - UK)

 

March in the Vegetable Garden

General

 

If you haven't already done so, dig and prepare the ground for sowing and planting.. Rake the soil to a fine tilth just before sowing seeds.

 

Harvesting & Storing Vegetables in Early Spring

Start harvesting early Sprouting broccoli

Finish harvesting Brussels sprouts by the 2nd week in March

Harvest early maturing over-wintered lettuce

 

Sowing & Planting Vegetables  in Early Spring

Weather conditions can greatly affect the germination of seeds. Always wait until the soil is workable. If severe weather conditions persist into March, it's best to wait until April before sowing seed outdoors especially if the ground is still  frosted.

Outdoors

Globe Artichokes (seed), Globe Artichokes (offsets), Asparagus Crowns, Beetroot, Broad Beans,  Brussels Sprouts, Summer and Red Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Garlic (sets), Kohl Rabi,  Leeks, Lettuce, Onion (seed), Onion (sets), Parsnips, New Potatoes (tubers), Peas, Potatoes (maincrop),  Radish,  Shallots (sets),  Spring Onions,  Turnips

Outdoors under protection (fleece, poly-tunnels or cloches)

French Beans

Indoors or Heated Greenhouse

Celeriac,  Celery

4th week: - Aubergines, Chillies, Peppers, Tomatoes

 

Sowing & Planting Herbs  in Early Spring

Outdoors

Borage, Chervil, Chives, Coriander, Dill, Parsley (4th week)

Indoors or in heated greenhouse

Basil, Oregano, Parsley, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme

 

Protecting Vegetables & Herbs in Early Spring

Protect newly planted onion sets from birds with netting or cotton

 

Planning and Buying in Early Spring

There's still  time to buy vegetable seed, onion sets, asparagus crowns and seed potatoes but try to do this at the beginning of the month.

Plan vegetable and herb plots as soon as possible

 

Jobs to do in the Vegetable & Herb Garden
in Mid Spring

(April - UK)

 

April in the Vegetable GardenHarvesting & Storing Vegetables in Mid Spring

Continue harvesting early Sprouting broccoli

Continue harvesting early maturing over-wintered lettuce

 

Sowing & Planting Vegetables & Herbs in Mid Spring

In most areas, the soil should be warming up however, weather conditions can greatly affect the performance of seedlings. Always wait until the soil is workable. If severe weather conditions persist at the beginning of  April, it's best to wait until late April or even May before sowing seed outdoors, especially if the ground is still  frosted.

 

Outdoors

Start sowing:- Chard and Leaf Beet,  Spinach

Continue sowing:-  Globe Artichokes (seed), Globe Artichokes (offsets), Asparagus Crowns (1st week), Beetroot, Broad Beans,  Early Sprouting Broccoli  (4th week) Brussels Sprouts, Summer, winter, Savoy & Red Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Endive (4th week) Garlic (sets - 1st week), Kale (4th week), Kohl Rabi,  Leeks, Lettuce, Mangetout (3rd week onwards) Onion (seed - 1st week), Onion (sets -1st week), Parsnips, New Potatoes (tubers), Peas, Maincrop Potatoes ( tubers),  Radish,  Shallots (sets - 1st Week),  Spring Onions,  Turnips

 

Outdoors under protection (fleece, poly-tunnels or cloches)

French Beans, Calabrese, Runner Beans

 

Indoors or Heated Greenhouse

Aubergines, Celeriac,  Celery, Chillies, Peppers, Sweetcorn, Tomatoes

4th week:  Courgettes,  Cucumber, Marrows, Pumpkin, Squash

 

Sowing & Planting Herbs  in Mid Spring

Outdoors

Plant shop bought container plants outdoors provided they are hardy varieties

Continue to sow Borage, Chervil, Chives, Coriander, Dill, Parsley

 

Indoors or in heated greenhouse

Basil, Oregano, Parsley, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme

 

Care and Protecting Vegetables & Herbs in Mid Spring

Protect newly planted onion sets from birds with netting or cotton

Water plots, beds and containers if necessary but do not over-water

If slugs and snails are a problem apply a slug killer to the soil as early as possible. This may have to be re-applied especially after rain.

Start thinning outdoor sown seedlings (see individual growing pages for spacing)

Start thinning and potting on indoor sown seedlings ( 1 to 3 plants per  7.5cm/3" pot)

 

Planning and Buying in Mid Spring

There's still  time to buy vegetable seed, but try to do this at the beginning of the month.

Plan vegetable and herb plots as soon as possible

 

Jobs to do in the Vegetable and Herb Garden

in Late Spring

(May - UK)

 

General

Continue to dig and prepare the ground for sowing and planting if you haven't already done so. Rake the soil to a fine tilth just before sowing seeds.

 

Keep an eye on the weather and protect tender crops with fleece or water when necessary

 

Make succession sowings of crops such as carrots and lettuce to ensure a continuous supply of crops throughout the season

 

May in the Vegetable GardenHarvesting Vegetables in Late Spring

Start harvesting early peas which were sown under protection

 

Start harvesting summer radish

 

Sowing & Planting Vegetables & Herbs in  Late Spring

 

Outdoors

Towards the end of May  sow:-  All types of green beans, calabrese, courgettes, marrows, pumpkin, outdoor cucumbers, late tomatoes

 

Continue sowing:-  Beetroot, Broad Beans,   Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Summer, winter, Savoy & Red Cabbage, Carrots,  Chard,  Endive,  Kale, Kohl Rabi,  Leaf Beet, Leeks, Lettuce, Mangetout, Parsnips, Peas, Maincrop Potatoes ( tubers),  Radish, Spinach  Spring Onions,  Turnips

 

Transplant any brassica seedlings which were sown in a seed bed to their permanent positions by the end of the month

 

Indoors

Up to the 2nd week in May continue to sow Aubergines, Chillies, Courgettes,  Cucumber, French beans, Marrows, Peppers, Pumpkin, Squash, Sweetcorn, Tomatoes

 

Sowing & Planting Herbs  in  Late Spring

Outdoors

Plant shop bought container plants outdoors provided they are hardy varieties

 

Continue to sow Borage, Chervil, Chives, Coriander, Dill, Parsley

 

Indoors or in heated greenhouse

Continue to sow Basil, Oregano, Parsley, Rosemary, Sage, Thyme

 

Care and Protecting Vegetables & Herbs in  Late Spring

Towards the end of May, when all danger of frost has passed, start hardening off indoor raised seedlings ready for planting in their permanent positions by the end of the month

Water plots, beds and containers in dry weather

Start staking plants such as peas when they are about 12cm/5"  tall

If slugs and snails are a problem apply a slug killer to the soil as early as possible. This may have to be re-applied especially after rain.

Continue to thin  seedlings (see individual growing pages for spacing)

Start earthing up potatoes

Remove protective coverings on all early sown plants by the middle of the month

 

Buying Vegetables and Herbs in  Late Spring

Buy shop raised vegetable and herb plants in mid May. 

 

Pests and Diseases

Companion Plants

See Individual growing pages

See Individual growing pages

In the Kitchen

 

There are many methods of storing vegetables including making preserves such as pickles and chutneys, bottling, particularly in vinegar or flavoured oils,  freezing and even drying or salting.

 

Whilst there is general storing, preparation and cooking information on the individual growing pages, for lots more cooking, storing and preserving  information and recipes visit our sister site www.recipes4us.co.uk

 

 

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